Teenage Abortion

The article is written by Yvette R Harris. It discuss about the effects of having abortion among teenagers. The authors also argue whether the abortion should include parents decision or not. This is because parents play important role in bringing up the child. So the parents have to be involve in this matter. The author also said that women has the right to make decision about the abortion . Nevertheless, the abortion had it impact on the teenagers.

From the author point of view, teenagers who had abortion will face emotional and physical problem in the long term. The topic of teenage abortion is very controversial and there are many questions surrounding the moral and legal aspects of it. Adolescent Abortion According to information available from the Guttmacher Institute, sex by age 20 is the norm across the world, and countries with low levels of adolescent pregnancy accept sexual relationships among teenagers and provide comprehensive and balanced information about sexuality.

However, in a Kaiser Family Foundation study of US teenagers, 29% of teens reported feeling pressure to have sex, 33% of sexually active teens reported “being in a relationship where they felt things were moving too fast sexually”, and 24% had “done something sexual they didn’t really want to do”. [19] Several polls have indicated peer pressure as a factor in encouraging both girls and boys to have sex. ]nhibition-reducing drugs and alcohol may encourage unintended sexual activity. What is abortion Abortion is the loss of a fetus before it is able to live outside the womb. When abortion occurs spontaneously, it is often called a miscarriage.

Abortion can also be intentionally caused, or induced. Induced abortion is regarded as a moral issue in some cultures. In others it is seen as an acceptable way to end unplanned pregnancy. Abortion is a relatively simple and safe procedure when done by trained medical workers during the first three months (first trimester) of pregnancy. Abortion is less safe when performed after the 13th week of pregnancy. Before the right of a woman to obtain an abortion was affirmed by the United States Supreme Court in the 1973 ruling on Roe vs. Wade, many abortions were performed illegally and in unskilled ways.

This caused the deaths of many women from infection and bleeding. It also caused much sterility, or the permanent inability to have a child. The usual surgical technique of abortion during the first trimester is to insert a metal or plastic tube into the uterus through its opening, the cervix. A spoon like instrument at the end of the tube is used to gently scrape the walls of the uterus. A suction machine at the other end of the tube removes the contents from the uterus. This procedure is called vacuum aspiration and is done primarily in a medical clinic or doctor’s office using a local anesthetic for the cervix.

During the second trimester, abortions are usually done by means of dilation and evacuation. This procedure uses forceps, curette, and vacuum aspiration. Although rarely sought, third-trimester abortions may be performed when the fetus has severe genetic defects or because continuing the pregnancy would be a threat to the woman’s health. A controversy began in 1988 over a drug, developed in France, called RU 486, which, when taken during the first 7 weeks of pregnancy, causes the embryo to become detached from the uterus. The drug was reported to be safer and less expensive than surgical abortion.

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